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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

One of the main areas of OECD's work in the responsible sourcing of minerals is to ensure that international standards do not further marginalize workers of the informal sector. This implies working on the formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM).

Small-scale miners are a major source of mineral resource production in the world. It is largely informal and is associated with low levels of safety measures, health care or environmental protection. In this context, the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for responsible mineral supply chains includes an appendix calling on stakeholders to engage in the legalization and formalization of artisanal mining communities.

The Objective is Twofold:

  • To build secure, transparent and verifiable supply chains
  • To ensure that legitimate artisanal mining communities can benefit from ongoing trade-in conflict-affected and high-risk areas and to support their development
  • The OECD also seeks to cooperate with initiatives such as the Global Mercury Partnership to work on the reduction of mercury use for gold production.

Tools that Help to Advance This Agenda Include:
The artisanal and small-scale mining hub which convenes host and donor governments from OECD and non-OECD countries, the private sector, civil society, and other stakeholders, to learn about The artisanal and small-scale mining issues and explore ways to:

Support Formalization Efforts

  • Enable responsible sourcing of artisanally-mined gold
  • Implement the Gold Supplement to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance